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Mera Peak Trek

Mera Peak Trek

Overview

Trip Fact

Trip Name:

Mera Peak Trek

Best Month:

Sep - Nov, Mar - May

Activities:

Trekking / Sightseeing

Max Elevation:

5300 m

Walking hours Per Day:

5 - 6 Hours

Trip Duration:

12 Days

Trip Starts/Ends:

Kathmandu, Nepal

Trip Grade:

Moderate / Adventure

Meals:

BLD

Accommodation:

Hotel / Tea House

Group Size:

+2

Destination:

Everest Region, Nepal

Trekking to Mera Peak is a fantastic journey that offers stunning views of the Himalayas and an opportunity to experience the region's beauty. Throughout the trek to Mera Peak, trekkers traverse through diverse landscapes, including forests, alpine meadows, and eventually, snow-covered terrain as they approach the higher altitudes. The views of surrounding peaks and the overall Himalayan scenery are breathtaking.

Mera Peak is one of the highest climbing peaks and it is a popular trekking destination around the wonderful Everest region where you will observe the magnificent mountains and unique landscapes.  Mera Peak, which stands at an elevation of 6475 meters in the Hinku valley. Mera Peak trekking and climbing is an alpine difficulty and challenging grade as well as physically demanding snow trek with directly onward to climbing.

Who are just dreaming to trek in this Mera Peak, these 12 days trekking itinerary has been carefully designed from our experienced trekking guide with acclimatized days because we ensure that you easily complete the Mera Peak Trek. 

We are sure that by using this best route with tailor-made itinerary, you will easily complete the Mera Peak Trek.  This wonderful hidden trek starts with a 30-minute exciting flight to Lukla from Kathmandu and heads up to the Mera Peak base camp via the remote region of the Hinku valley of Chatar-la and Thangnak and ends again at Lukla. A tough but rewarding trek, which takes you away from the Everest Base Camp trekking trails.

We will walk through a beautiful high alpine environment, where the Mera region is located, and you will see and enjoy a lot of wildlife and snow-capped mountains. If you would like to climb this Mera Peak after getting Mera Base Camp, we are able to organize all climbing requirements. After summit Mera peak you will see amazing views of Everest, Kanchenjunga, Lhotse, Makalu Cho-oyu and many other snow-capped mountains. 

Best Time to Visit Mera Peak Trek

Autumn trekking season (September to November) and spring trekking season (March to May) are the best trekking seasons for the Mera Peak Trek and all Everest Region. The weather is sunny and warm with wonderful mountains views, compare with another trekking season. If you want and wish to avoid crowds and enjoy some alone time with nature and culture, you can do this trip during the winter (December/January and February) could also be an option. But the temperature during winter could be little bit cold for most trekkers and lot of snow on some trekking trail. We (High Pass Adventure) have long years' experience trekking guide and strong porter for carry to your luggage in Mera Peak Trek

Note: Please be the responsive that taking a smaller aircraft for flight to the mountain's region, where located Everest Base camp Trek.  Sometime could be bad and critical weather might delay your journey to and from Kathmandu-Lukla-Kathmandu. Himalayan and Hilly Region weather can be changeable sometimes. But, we will try to make the best itinerary days as it is possible. In case of flight delay and cancellation situation arises, there you need to extra few days before and after the trekking days from the itinerary. 

Important Note: Sometime becomes problems like weather condition, local politics issue, transportation or other factors that are beyond from our control can result in can change of itinerary. It is, however, very unlikely that the itinerary would be considerably change.  If alterations are necessary, the Guide and Trekking leader will decide what the best options are. You can talk and decide taking into through the best happiness of the whole group. Where a change does suggest itself, we try to do everything we can to minimize its effect, but we cannot take responsible for the results of changes or delays. Our trekking staffs are experience and professional and try to solve all problems during the trekking. 

Mera Peak Trek Altitude Profile

Itinerary Expand All Close All

High Pass Adventure Pvt.Ltd. welcomes you to in Nepal, One of the company staff will be waiting outside the baggage hall of the Tribhuwan International Airport (TIA) in Kathmandu. You have to look for the person carrying on A4 size paper with your and company name. This person will take to you hotel in Kathmandu from the airport. Check into hotel, rest and fresh up and ready for the meeting to your programs in our trekking office.

Food
Welcome Dinner
Accomodation
Hotel
Elevation
1350

You will enjoy your breakfast in the hotel and get ready for the Kathmandu valley tour with experience tour guide. Our tour is of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Kathmandu Valley. You will be visiting Swayambhunath, Kathmandu Durbar Square, Pasupatinath and Boudhanath, which are best and popular place 4 out of 7 UNESCO World Heritage Site in Kathmandu Valley. You will be visiting by comfortable privet vehicles before walk tour of these sites. There are interesting tours for full of fascinating insights in to Buddhism, Hinduism, ancient art and historical architecture, lifestyle and cultural of people in Kathmandu Valley. After this tour you will come to office and finalize your trekking clothing and gear.

Food
Breakfast
Accomodation
Hotel
Elevation
1350

Our trekking guide will be transferred you to the domestic terminal of the Tribhuvan International Airport by privet vehicles to depart for Lukla flight. You will board a flight and fly to Lukla with your trekking guide. You will be enjoying the scenic flight for about 35 minutes and land on Lukla airstrip (Tensing-Hillary Airport). You will meet your trekking porter and introduced. They are waiting to you in Lukla airport. Lukla is the main gateway to all of the Everest region trekking and Everest expedition to climbing. After prepare to everything, you will head towards east direction from Lukla for Chhutanga through forest of Rhododendron and pine forest. It is less trekked trail and just below the Kalo Himal Ridge for overnight stay.

Food
BLD
Accomodation
Tea House (Basic)
Elevation
3020

Today is bit hard hiking day to reach the Zatrwa-La top so the trail is steep ascend on bushes and rocky before summit the Zatrwa-La (4689 m). From the top, you will see panoramic Mountain View of Kongde Ri, Karyolang Peak, Number Himal, Lumding Himal, and many more. Then after, you will descend to Thuli Kharka for overnight stay through some Yak pasture lands. You have to take packed lunch and enough drinking water with you because there are no lodges between those places.

Food
BLD
Accomodation
Tea House (Basic)
Elevation
4689

Today we will leave from Thuli Kharka to Kothe, so the trail is leading you to Hinku Valley. Trails begins descends to the Inkhu River and gradually ascend beside the river through green and lush forest of Rhododendrons, Pines, Oak to reached Kothe. You will see thrilling views of the south face of Mera Peak and others mountains along the way. This day is completely enjoyable and there are few Teahouses for the overnight stay.

Food
BLD
Accomodation
Tea House (Basic)
Elevation
4182

After breakfast in the Kothe, we will leave to Thangnak and the trail is leading gradually ascend through Yak pastures beside the Hinku River in the valley. You will be enjoyed with outstanding view of Mera Peak and others hills. There are basic tea-houses to provide meal and accommodation for further ascend.

Food
BLD
Accomodation
Tea House (Basic)
Elevation
4345

Today we will leave to Khare Camp from Thangnak. You will feel bit difficult hiking day due to increase high altitude and walk through rocky moraine trail. That day is short distance but takes about 3/4 hours to reach Khare. Khare Camp is popular place to acclimatization point of the Mera Peak Climbing. There are few basic tea houses and you can see some snow peak mountains.

Food
BLD
Accomodation
Tea House (Basic)
Elevation
5045

Normally trekkers spend one or two days for acclimatization day to summit Mera Peak Climbing and it is most important day to any of climbing high altitude peak because you cannot go direct for the climb without some acclimatization days. If you will go direct to climb any mountain or peak, you may to get sick by altitude sickness. Today you will explore around Khare Camp before lunch and preparation for Mera Peak Climbing with climbing guide. Climbing guide teach to you about use the climbing gear such as ice axe, harness, crampons, rope etc. if you are just doing trek to there, next day you will descend down.

Food
BLD
Accomodation
Tea House (Basic)
Elevation
5045

Today we will back descend to Thuli Kharka along the same way through Thangnak and cross several tributaries of the Inkhu River before reach camp. That day you can observe any of the landscapes, prayer flag, Chorten and scenery you missed on the way to up.

Food
BLD
Accomodation
Tea House (Basic)
Elevation
4300

Today we leave to Lukla from Thuli Kharka via Zatrwa-La (4600 m). The trail is ascending to pass and all the way descending to Lukla. That day also you can observe any of the landscapes, prayer flag, Chorten, scenery and panoramic mountain views you missed on the way to up.

Food
BLD
Accomodation
Tea House (Basic)
Elevation
2800

Today is your last Breakfast at Lukla and after breakfast at Lukla you will catch the morning flight to Kathmandu. You will have wonderful mountain flight to Kathmandu and your trekking guide will manage the privet vehicle for transfer you to your hotel. That day you can explore around market in Kathmandu or relax. We will take to you for a farewell dinner in Nepali culture kitchen.

Food
BLD
Accomodation
Tea House (Basic)
Elevation
1350

This is your last day of your trip in Nepal. One of our High Pass Adventure staff will take to you Kathmandu international Airport for your flight departure time. If you are looking to your extra trip in Nepal, High Pass Adventure help to you for your next trip and adventure activities in Nepal, Tibet, Bhutan and India.

What Is Included ?

High Pass Adventure have working best guide and porter for the trekking. We are providing an excellence service to our customer. All our costs are net and very clear on cost include-excludes. We have paid best salary to Trekking, Tour guide and porter which is more than government fixed amount. Our entire customers are satisfied from our service. For the more details please feel free to contact us.

  • Airport Pick up & drops 4 times domestic / International
  • 2 night's Hotel in Kathmandu on Bed & Breakfast plan
  • Flight Fair Kathmandu –Lukla- Kathmandu (Guest and Guide)
  • 3 meals per day during the trek (Breakfast Lunch & Dinner) and one cup of tea with per meal
  • Accommodation on Tea-house during the trekking
  • An experience English Speaking Guide
  • Necessary Porter 1: 2 (one porter for two Guest), the porter will Carry 20KG/ 25 KG
  • All applicable taxes as per the government rules and regulations
  • Sagarmatha National park Fees
  • (TIMS) Trekker’s information Management System
  • First Aid medical kit, Oxymeter to check pulse, heart rate and oxygen saturation at higher altitude
  • General equipment for Porter during the adventure trip
  • Guide and porter salary and insurance during the trek 
  • All organizational requirements
  • Duffle Bags refundable to protect your Luggage and dowan jacket and sleeping bag if needed
  • Tour Certificate, Company T-shirt as a Souvenir
  • Farewell Dinner with Typical Nepali Restaurant

What Is Excluded?

  • Nepal visa fee
  • Your International flights
  • Lunch and dinner in Kathmandu.
  • Travel insurance
  • Mountain rescue service
  • Personal expenses (phone, laundry, water, bar drinks, battery recharge, extra porters, hot shower etc.)
  • Trip Cancellation cost accident or Health, Loss Theft or Damage and personal effects
  • Tips

Traveller Useful Information

How to reach Everest Region

If you are curious about how to get Everest Region, Here is good news to all with different ways to reach Everest Region from “Kathmandu” capital city of Nepal. Everest Region Trekking is located in the north-eastern part of Nepal and protected by Sagarmatha National Park. Most of the parts cover from snow due to its high altitude and Himalayan regions. There are many options to get in Everest Region such as direct flight to Lukla from Kathmandu international airport or Jiri and Phaplu because there is not direct road connection. Most famous way is direct flight to Lukla and Jiri or Phaplu are alternatives destinations get into the Everest Region Trekking. If you take a bus to Jiri then takes 4/5 days trek to enter the region and from Phaplu takes 2/3 days. 

About Lukla Flight 

Lukla is the small town and starting point of all trekking to Everest region in Nepal. There is not a connected road from Kathmandu in to the Lukla. So, trekkers to Lukla have to either fly in or trek from Phaplu or Jiri. There is small airstrip named Tenzing Hillary Airport Lukla. There are regular flights of Tara Air, Summit Air, Sita Air from Kathmandu. 

About the weight of luggage: there is a limit luggage weight in a plane. So, you have to make sure 15 kg weight included your hand carry bag otherwise you have to pay extra. We suggest to you, better to make less weight than 15 kg. Some time overload in a plane, you can fly without your baggage and bag comes in nest flight. 

Please be the responsive that taking a smaller aircraft for flight to the mountains region, where located Everest Base camp Trek.  Sometime could be bad and critical weather might delay your journey to and from Kathmandu-Lukla-Kathmandu. Himalayan and Hilly Region weather can be changeable sometimes. But, we will try to make the best itinerary days as it is possible. In case of flight delay and cancellation situation arises, there you need to extra few days before and after the trekking days from the itinerary. 

If you have not extra time before and after trekking itinerary, you need to take helicopter to fly near Lukla. (Couple of hours blew then Lukla) or shift the trekking route to other region. 

Food and Accommodation in Everest Region 

Everest region is popular trekking destination in Nepal. There are many trekking routes and Everest Base Camp Trek is best one of them but others routes also popular for adventure lovers. Everest Region trekking trail is well managed and managed by the Sagarmatha National Park.

There are lots of accommodations and restaurants along the trekking trail because every year increasing new house and add the room for trekkers. So, you can have easy to finding comfortable accommodation in the Everest region. Almost all tea-houses are tried to give you best service for all traveler. Normally, lodges have private rooms (2 beds in one room) for customers with sharing indoor bathroom but if you need luxury lodge, they have luxury facilities and some places have limit lodges.  Every different place has different quality of the lodges so, you can choose best on your budget.

Every lodge have food menu and foods items are almost same. We strongly recommended typical Nepali dish “Dal-Bhat” (boiled rice, vegetable, lentil soup) but if you like, you can choose others food from food menu.  Most of the lodges produced fresh Vegetables on their garden and serve to costumer. Basically, the cooks are trained but food taste might be bit different than western. Meat is not fresh in the mountain area so you have tried to be vegetarian during the Everest Region trekking. 

You can buy all types of drink in every lodge but the prices goes high as you go higher. You can drink normal water with using a purification tablets. Avoid the alcoholic drinks when you go higher.  

Best Season for Everest Region Trekking

There are two main trekking season for trekking in Nepal. Autumn trekking season (September to December) and spring trekking season (March to May) are the best trekking seasons. Even though, beginning of September to end of May are the very good times for the Everest region Trekking and all Himalayan treks in Nepal. The weather is perfect sunny and warm with wonderful mountains views clean air and not rain and snow compare with other trekking season. 

If you want and wish to avoid crowds and enjoy some alone time with nature and culture, you can do this trip during the winter (January and February) also could be an option.  The temperature during winter could be little bit cold for most trekkers but the visibility is not bad.  In the summer season (June to August) is raining but best time for nature lovers. That is why; you can choose your best season for Trekking in Nepal, depends on your Vacations.

Everest Region Trekking Difficulty

The difficulty level of the Everest Region is moderate and challenging. There is not a road access and it is difficult to reach beautiful area. The walking distances are 5 to 8 hours a day and there are many obstacles during the Everest region Trekking. Also there are various trekking routes some are easy level, some are moderate and some are challenging. Normally, Everest region trekking starts from Lukla (2820 m) and highest altitude is Kalapathar (5545 m).

This destination is difficulty for those who have not previous trekking experience and it is requires physical and mental strong and fitness to complete this trekking. Everest Base Camp Trek, Gokyo Valley Trek and Everest View Trekking routes are Moderate Level but Everest Three High Passes Trek, Climbing to Gokyo Ri, Kalathar and Nagarkhang are Very difficult level. 

If you will do this trek on the peak season, you have to book a place for accommodation because there are not enough accommodations. If you want to do this trek on winter, you need to prepare warm clothes because weather can be extreme cold and bad. During the monsoon season, these region trekking trails are not easy because the trails can get slippery and tough.

Overall, Tea-House, resting place, acclimatization day, slow walk, and short easy steps will be helping to you for your difficulty trekking to Everest region 

Communication in the Everest Region

Everest Region is popular trekking destination In Nepal. There is good mobile network service around Everest base camp trekking area but not a Gokyo Valley and Chukkung Valley. The internet service available whole Everest Region but tea-houses and lodges provide internet with some extra charge. If you have not Nepali SIM card for communication with your family and not use the internet service, our guide help to you for pass the massage because always our guide have cellular phone and he contact to Kathmandu trekking office about to know the trek and your health condition.

Hence, travelling is important things in life so we make sure you about safe and healthy during the trekking in Nepal. Nowadays, you can get the local SIM card in Kathmandu airport after arrival to use the 3g and 4g internet service because most of the trekking routes in Nepal have Mobile Network service. 

Tipping information

The Guide, porter, driver and all workers who are working in tourism filed, they except some tips during your Tour Trekking and others activities in Nepal. Tipping is judgment of workers from travelers and workers offers the tips end of the trek. Travelers tips 10% of their payable amount but you can give to them depend on their services. 

Hence, it is important to High Pass Adventure working team who take care to you all the time during the visiting in Nepal, motivated with outstanding service and offer inspiring trip in a lifetime experience.  

Trip extension 

If you have extra time after complete the trek, you can do different activities or different short trek in Nepal. We have many short tour packages and adventure activities such as Chitwan National park and Bardiya National Park for Jungle safari tours. You can visit Pokhara city, Nagarkot Hiking, Dhampus hiking or day Rafting tripin Trisuli River. 

Adventure activities are like paragliding, canoeing, Ultra light flight, Bungee Jump and Mountain Biking. These all package are extra activities as optional tours and not included in your package cost. If you will do these activities after the trip with us, we arrange at a reasonable cost and we give to you good discount. 

Trekking Gear List

Travel equipment are necessary to pack before you travel.  We hope it is too much to carry from your home to others country but some are the necessary equipment can be hired or buy in Kathmandu around Thamel. These general equipment are for all seasons while on trekking in Nepal, but may be different as per the different season and duration of trekking routes on your chosen trip.

Requirement Documents for Mera Peak Trek:

Passport and 4 passport size photos 

Travel insurance details (in case an emergency evacuation if needed)

Boarding passes for flights

Driver’s license (if needed)

Cash USD

Credit/Debit Card (Ensure you have $500 on your card in case an emergency helicopter evacuation is needed)

Logistics Things for Mera Peak Trek:

Sleeping bag (Comfort rating -15 Celsius recommended)

Sleeping bag liner (Optional)

Footwear Things for Mera Peak Trek:

Trekking boots: one pair  lightweight

Sandals for city and tea house footwear 

Shoes for the plane and tea houses (Optional)

Gaiters for hiking in winter to the base camp

Thin, lightweight inner socks

Thick, warm wool hiking socks

Clothing for body:

Please make sure that you have non-cotton clothing for trekking:

Base-layer t-shirts (e.g. running t-shirts)

Fleece/Windproof jacket

Waterproof jacket

Down jacket for warmth

Travel clothes and City Wear

Underwear

Base-layer trousers (optional)

Waterproof trousers

Trekking trousers

Trekking shorts (Optional)

Gloves and wool hat

Bandanna or scarf 

Health Requirements (Basic First Aid Kit)

First-aid kit; should contain lip salve, Aspirin, Band Aids, anti-histamine, Imodium or similar tablets for mild cases of diarrhea

Re-hydration powder, extra prescription drugs you may be taking if any particular

Wet wipes for cleaning can be purchased in Kathmandu

Others Necessary Things:

Sunglasses and Sun cream 

Towel

Book (reading and writing materials)

MP-3 /Music, headphones and ear plug (who know some people on group are snoring) as optional.

Travel wash

Hand sanitizer, wet wipes

A day bag: 35 liters

A duffel or rucksack with straps to go over your back (Max 12 kg of weight for porters to carry)

Dry Liner or Dry Bag

Water bottle/thermos/ camel bag: At least 2 L. Nalgen bottles best.

General Toiletries

Toilet papers/ tissue 

Contact lenses, Glasses (if needed)

1 medium sized quick drying towel

Tooth brush/paste (preferably biodegradable)

Multipurpose soaps (preferably biodegradable)

Nail clippers

Face and body moisturizer

Feminine hygiene products

Small mirror

On Personal Hygiene

Wet wipes (baby wipes)

Anti-bacterial hands wash

Others (Optional) Things

Trekking Poles 

Large plastic bags – for keeping items dry inside your kit / duffel bag

Travel game i.e. chess, backgammon, and scrabble. (for luxuries) 

Binoculars (for luxuries)

Trail Map/Guide book (if you are alone)

Getting There: Nepal

Between China's Tibet Autonomous Region and India, Nepal is a landlocked Himalayan nation. It has eight of the top ten mountains in the world, including Mount Everest. There are numerous points from China and India where one can enter Nepal by land. Tourist visas for Nepal are available on arrival at all Indian and Chinese borders if you are traveling there by land. There are numerous foreign airlines providing nonstop connecting flights to Nepal if you're arriving by air. Nepal Airlines, Turkish Air, Thai Airways, Gulf Air, Qatar Air, Jet Airways, Air India, Biman Bangladesh, Lufthansa, Oman Air, Travel Dubai, Air Arabia, and Air China are a few of the well-known airlines that fly to Nepal. From China or India, one can also go overland. Please check your flight and get in touch with us before arriving in Nepal. At the airport in Nepal, you can easily obtain a on arrival visa.

Visa and passport information

Except for Indian passport holders, all foreign visitors to Nepal need a visa; however, you must have a passport with a six-month validity date in order to apply for a tourist visa. At the Tribhuvan International Airport and the Chinese-Indian border in Tibet, visas are available on arrival. To apply for a visa to enter Nepal, you must have a color photograph in PP size. Please click this link for more details about Visa Information. 

Money exchange rate and prices

If you're seeking for the best foreign exchange rates and locations in Nepal, you may easily exchange the majority of your foreign currency at a local bank or authorized money exchange facility in a well-known tourist destination. The Nepal Rastra Bank controls all exchange rates (Center Bank of Nepal). You can exchange small amounts of money at the hotel if you want to. Because our banks will not take dirty or old notes, kindly bring clean and fresh notes.

In order to avoid the time-consuming processes associated with cards and traveler's checks, Nepalese people typically prefer cash in hotels, restaurants, shopping malls, and other locations. You can use an ATM to get cash (in Nepali Rupees) if you have a credit or debit card. In the main tourist city, there are a number of ATM counters with 24-hour service. If you use a card, the maximum withdrawal amount is between 30,000 and 35,000 rupees at once, plus a processing fee of 500 rupees. 

You must convert your money in Kathmandu or Pokhara before the hike because the majority of trekking routes do not offer a facility for international currency exchange. Additionally, inquire about the amount of money required for a Himalayan trek from your trekking operator or guide.

Safety and security

When traveling in Nepal, safety and security are crucial issues to consider both on the way to in and out. We are here for you at all times, and we promise to provide the greatest service to all of our cherished clients. Our guides have extensive training in the field of trekking and broad understanding of first aid items. Because it rises more than 4000 m above sea level, it is essential for hiking in Nepal. Because health is crucial, if a trekker becomes ill from the high altitude, our knowledgeable guide discusses the necessary medications and decides to continue the trek while organizing the emergency rescue.

You must be cautious when hiking trails pass one other because they are not wide enough to do so. During the busiest trekking season, there are lots of porters, yaks, mules, and Jokpe along the trail. You must stay on the safe side if you encounter them on a bridge or in a confined space because otherwise they may force you over the edge.

Safe drinking water

For a healthy body while traveling and staying hydrated, clean water is essential. It will be the most effective method of completing the Himalayan journey. If not, getting sick and having diarrhea is simple. Almost everywhere during the Nepalese tea house trip, but not during the camping trek, sells bottled water. Unfortunately, bottled water is very pricey. 

Please bring good water bottles (for boiling water) and water purification tablets or water filter bottles since plastic bottles are detrimental for the environment. Reusable water bottles are a good idea because they help keep the mountain clean. If you are concerned about finding a typical water tap to fill up your bottles in the trekking region of Nepal, they are very simple to locate. It can be found in rivers, streams, and lodges.

Travel insurance and insurance policy

Nepal hiking tours: The difficulty levels of the Himalayas range from easy to tough. As a result of the Himalayan climate changing, there is a risk of high altitude and potential mishap. 

Trekking in the Nepalese Himalayas demands practical trekking abilities at high altitudes (above 4,000 meters), so travel insurance is essential. If an accident occurs during a trip and requires medical attention or evacuation, the cost of returning to a city and receiving treatment may be significant. Therefore, you must ensure that your insurance covers the price of an air ambulance, medical care, and any risks associated with travel, such as delayed flights and lost, stolen, damaged, or missing baggage. Your complete itinerary while visiting Nepal should be covered by your insurance policy. Make sure your insurance policy covers hikes higher than 5,500 meters. If not, you will be responsible for all unforeseen costs associated with your trek through Nepal. 

All trekkers must send a copy of their certificate from their comprehensive travel insurance policy to High Pass Adventure as part of the booking process for trekking and climbing in Nepal.

High altitude sickness information

Mountain sickness is another name for high altitude sickness. You must be aware of high altitude sickness symptoms since they arise rapidly if you hike or ascend to a higher elevation. Here are some details if you're curious as to why it occurs. The air pressure is the main cause of altitude sickness. Your body needs time to adapt to the shift in air pressure when you travel to higher elevations since the air pressure decreases and there is less oxygen present. According to doctors, If you are at sea level, it begins at 8,000 feet (2400 meters).

1) Types of High Altitude Sickness

There are three types of altitude sickness:

Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS): It is very common and symptoms feel like a tiredness, dizzy, headache, thirsty, muscle aches, nausea 

High Altitude Pulmonary Edema (HAPE): It is effect in the lungs, which can be very dangerous and hard to do life threatening

High Altitude Cerebral Edema (HACE): It is effective in the brain and most difficult to treat and you need to go to hospital attention the right way. 

2) Cause of High Altitude Sickness

Following are the causes of high altitude sickness:

Generally living near sea level and travel to a high elevation 

Had the sickness before

Climbing quickly

Not being acclimatized to the altitude

Drinking alcohol when you ascend 

Medical problems of heart, nervous or lungs 

3) Symptoms of High Altitude Sickness

These symptoms will appear depending on your speed to climb and how hard you push. Symptoms range from normal to serious. They can affect the nervous system, lungs, muscles, and heart.

Here are symptoms of High Altitude Sickness:

Difficulty sleeping

Dizziness 

Fatigue

Headache

Loss of appetite

Nausea or vomiting

Rapid Pulse (Heart Rate)

Short breath with action

Blue color of skin or gray soft skin 

Chest tightness or blocking

Confusion

Dry cough or coughing with blood

Cannot walk in a straight line 

4) Prevention for High Altitude Sickness

Important keys to preventing of High Altitude Sickness are:

Climb the mountain gradually. 

Stop every 2,000 feet (600 meters) of climb above 8,000 feet (2,400 meters) and one or two nights sleep there.

Sleep at a lower altitude when possible.

Make sure that you have the ability to quickly descend if needed.

Learn how to recognize early symptoms of mountain sickness.

If you plan on climbing quickly, or climbing to a high altitude, ask your provider about medicines that may help.

If you are at risk for a low red blood cell count (anemia), ask your provider if your planned trip is safe. Also ask if an iron supplement is right for you. Anemia lowers the amount of oxygen in your blood. This makes you more likely to have mountain sickness.

5) While climbing, you should follow these rules:

Drink plenty of water

Climb slowly.

Take it easy

Do not drink alcohol.

Eat regular meals that are high in carbohydrates.

Sleep lower elevation 

Take a medication (diomax) according to doctor

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